Saturday, November 23, 2013

Chào ngày mới 23 tháng 11


CNM365 Wikipedia Ngày này năm xưa 23 tháng 11 Ngày Di sản Việt Nam (hình động Sơn Đoòng lớn nhất thế giới trong vùng di sản Phong Nha - Kẻ Bàng, Quảng Bình). Năm 1940, tại Liên bang Đông Dương, Nam Kỳ khởi nghĩa bùng nổ với quy mô rộng lớn nhằm chống lại PhápNhật Bản. Năm 1963, BBC phát sóng tập đầu tiên của Doctor Who, bộ phim truyền hình khoa học giả tưởng dài nhất trên thế giới cho đến nay. Năm 1955, Anh Quốc trao quyền kiểm soát Quần đảo Cocos (Keeling) trên Ấn Độ Dương cho Úc. Năm 2009, thảm sát Maguindanao: 58 người bị bắt cóc và sát hại tại Ampatuan, Philippines khi họ đang trên đường nộp đơn ứng cử chức Thống đốc tỉnh của Esmael Mangudadatu.
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    CNM365 Nov23



    This Day in History, November 23. Lead Story. On Nov23, 1936: First issue of Life is published; On Nov23, 1963, the first episode of the sci-fi series “Doctor Who” aired on BBC television; American Revolution Reluctant Patriot Edward Rutledge is born, 1749;

    Automotive
    Elvis Presley’s “Spinout” opens in U.S. theaters, 1966
    Civil War
    Union General Benjamin Prentiss is born, 1819
    Cold War
    Reagan gives CIA authority to establish the Contras, 1981
    Crime
    The Birdman of Alcatraz is allowed a small taste of freedom, 1959
    Disaster
    Southern Italy rocked by earthquake, 1980
    General Interest
    Flemish pretender executed in London, 1499
    Billy the Kid born, 1859
    “Boss” Tweed delivered to authorities, 1876
    IRA member sentenced for Mountbatten’s assassination, 1979
    Hollywood
    Charlie and the Chocolate Factory creator Roald Dahl dies, 1990
    Larry Hagman, star of “Dallas” and “I Dream of Jeannie,” dies, 2012
    Literary
    Far from the Madding Crowd, by Thomas Hardy, is published, 1874
    Music
    Blues legend Robert Johnson makes first-ever recording, 1936
    Old West
    Colorado governor sends militia to Cripple Creek, 1903
    Presidential
    Franklin Pierce is born, 1804
    Sports
    BC wins on Hail Mary, 1984
    Vietnam War
    Laird discloses the details of the Son Tay Raid, 1970
    Paris peace talks deadlocked, 1972
    World War I
    Battle of Ctesiphon in Mesopotamia, 1915
    World War II
    Romania becomes an Axis “power”, 1940



    Other Notable Events, November 23

    In 1644, John Milton’s treatise Areopagitica was published.In 1889, the first jukebox was placed in service in the Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco.
    In 1890, the independent Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was separated from the Netherlands.
    In 1919, the first play-by-play football game broadcast by radio in the United States described Texas A&M’s 7-0 shutout of the University of Texas.
    In 1936, Life magazine made its debut.
    In 1943, the U.S. Marines took control of the Gilbert Islands from Japanese forces following a fierce 76-hour battle.
    In 1945, World War II rationing ended in the United States on all foods except sugar.
    In 1954, China announced it had convicted 11 U.S. airmen and two civilians of espionage.
    In 1980, an earthquake in Naples, Italy, killed 4,800 people.
    In 1992, the United States lowered its flag over the last U.S. base in the Philippines, ending nearly a century of military presence in its former colony.
    In 1996, a hijacker forced an Ethiopian jetliner to fly until it ran out of fuel. The aircraft crashed into the sea, killing 125 of the 175 people on board.
    In 2002, the Bush administration eased anti-pollution regulations that required older coal-fired refineries to upgrade facilities with modern clean air equipment in an effort to spur expanded construction of power plants.
    In 2004, in a disputed Ukraine election, the day after opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko declared himself the winner, officials determined that Kremlin-backed Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych was the real winner.
    In 2008, U.S. President-elect Barack Obama nominated Timothy Geithner to be treasury secretary and selected former Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers as the head of the White House Economic Council.
    In 2009, South Carolina Gov. Mark Sanford, who made headlines earlier with the report of an extramarital affair, was charged with 37 counts of using his office for personal financial gain by the state ethics commission.
    In 2010, South Korean officials said North Korea bombarded the South’s Yeonpyeong Island, killing two civilians and two marines and injuring 18 other people in an apparent effort to discourage upcoming U.S.-South Korea joint military exercises.
    In 2011, legislation making casino gambling legal in Massachusetts was signed into law by Gov. Deval Patrick, who said he favored the proposal for its job-creating potential.
    In 2012, a day after Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi issued a decree stating his decisions weren’t subject to review or appeal, police in Cairo used tear gas on thousands of protesters accusing him of making a despotic power grab. Morsi was elected in June.
    Copyright 2013 by United Press International



    Notable Birthdays for November 23

    Those born on this date include:- Edward Rutledge, signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence in 1749
    - Franklin Pierce, 14th president of the United States, in 1804
    - U.S. outlaw Billy The Kid Bonney in 1859
    - Swedish politician and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Hjalmar Branting in 1860
    - Mexican artist Jose Clemente Orozco in 1883
    - Actor Boris Karloff in 1887
    - Comic actor Harpo (Adolph Arthur) Marx of the Marx Brothers in 1888
    - Romain de Tirtoff, the Russian fashion designer and artist known as Erte, in 1892
    - And actors Michael Gough in 1916, Franco Nero in 1941 (age 72) and Susan Anspach in 1942 (age 71)
    - Composer Johnny Mandel in 1925 (age 88)
    - Screenwriter Robert Towne in 1934 (age 79)
    - Radio personality Tom Joyner in 1949 (age 64)
    - Musician Bruce Hornsby in 1954 (age 59)
    - Television personality Robin Roberts in 1960 (age 53)
    - Television personality Nicole Snookie Polizzi in 1987 (age 26)
    - And actor/singer Miley Cyrus in 1992 (age 21).
    Copyright 2013 by United Press International

    Việt Nam thế kỷ 20
      Ngày này năm xưa

    Bản quyền thuộc về Hội Khoa học Lịch sử Việt Nam (VAHS)

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    Tiếng Anh cho em VOA Learning English Agriculture Report
    Green Sper Rice Siêu Lúa Xanh,  Tiếng Anh Nông nghiệp


     Cambodian farmers prepare seedlings at a paddy rice farm north of Phnom Penh
    Cambodian farmers prepare seedlings at a paddy rice farm north of Phnom Penh
    This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.
    Scientists have worked for twelve years to develop what they call Green Super Rice. They say several varieties should be available to farmers about two years from now in parts of Asia and Africa.
    The “green” in Green Super Rice means environmentally friendly. Researchers say it will produce at least as much grain as other rice plants but with fewer inputs. “Super” means the rice is designed to better resist droughts, floods, salty water, insects and disease.
    The developers of Green Super Rice did not use genetic engineering. Instead, they mated hundreds of varieties of rice. That way they avoided the costs as well as the problems connected with getting permission to plant genetically engineered crops.
    The project involves the world’s largest rice collection, the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines. It also involves the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. And it includes farmers in eight countries in Asia and eight in Africa.
    Modern rice plants produce two to three times more grain than was possible before the nineteen sixties. But they also require large amounts of water, chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
    In the sixties, the International Rice Research Institute developed “miracle rice” for Asia. Scientists created high-yielding crops that produced bigger harvests in what became known as the Green Revolution. It prevented widespread hunger.
    But critics say modern rice plants require too much water and too much use of chemicals that can hurt the environment. And farmers may be too poor to buy chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
    Anna McClung heads a rice-breeding center for the United States Agriculture Department. She says combining many different genes into one plant without genetic engineering requires a lot of plant breeding. Ms. McClung praises the researchers working on Green Super Rice.
    ANNA McCLUNG: “The magnitude of what they are doing is really quite unique and tremendous.”
    Another rice researcher, Jan Leach at Colorado State University, says scientists can find valuable qualities hidden in the rice genome. A genome contains all of the genetic information about an organism.
    JAN LEACH: “Many of the traits are present, but they are not turned on until you get them into the right genetic background, or sometimes in the right environment.”
    Researchers on the Green Super Rice project continue to combine desirable traits into new varieties to help farmers produce more with less.
    And that’s the VOA Special English Agriculture Report. You can also watch captioned videos on YouTube at VOA Learning English. I’m Karen Leggett.
    ___
    Contributing: Steve Baragona and Jerilyn Watson
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    VOA Learning English Agriculture Report
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