Saturday, November 23, 2013

Chào ngày mới 21 tháng 11



Tượng đài vua Lý Công Uẩn

CNM365 Wikipedia Ngày này năm xưa 21 tháng 11  Ngày Truyền hình thế giới  Năm 1009, điện tiền chỉ huy sứ Lý Công Uẩn tức Lý Thái Tổ (hình tượng đài ) lên ngôi Hoàng đế Đại Cồ Việt, lập ra triều Lý. Năm 1631, Tổ Đại Thọ tướng nhà Minh cho mở cổng thành Đại Lăng Hà, suất chúng đến doanh trại quân Hậu Kim đầu hàng Hoàng Thái Cực, kết thúc trận Đại Lăng Hà tại Liêu Ninh ngày nay.
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CNM365 Nov21

THIS DAY IN HISTORY  |   Nov. 21, 2013
The almanac
By United Press International

Today is Thursday, Nov. 21, the 325th day of 2013 with 40 to follow.
The moon is waning. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Saturn. The evening stars are Neptune, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include French explorer of North America Rene Robert de La Salle in 1643; French author Francois-Marie Arouet, known as Voltaire, in 1694; William Beaumont, pioneer U.S. Army surgeon, in 1785; British steamship company founder Samuel Cunard in 1787; Belgian painter Rene Magritte in 1898; jazz saxophonist Coleman Hawkins in 1904; dancer/actor Eleanor Powell in 1912; football Hall of fame member Sid Luckman in 1916; baseball Hall of Fame member Stan Musial in 1920; actors Joseph Campanella in 1927 (age 86), Laurence Luckinbill in 1934 (age 79), Marlo Thomas in 1937 (age 76) and Juliet Mills in 1941 (age 72); musician Dr. John, born Malcolm John “Mac” Rebennack, Jr., in 1940 (age 73); basketball Hall of Fame member Earl Monroe, TV producer Marcy Carsey and filmmaker/actor Harold Ramis, all in 1944 (age 69); actors Goldie Hawn in 1945 (age 68), Lorna Luft in 1952 (age 61), Nicollette Sheridan in 1963 (age 50) and Rain Phoenix in 1972 (age 41); musician Bjork in 1965 (age 48); and football Hall of Fame member Troy Aikman in 1966 (age 47).

On this date in history:
In 1783, in Paris, Jean de Rozier and the Marquis d’Arlandes made the first free-flight ascent in a balloon.
In 1877, Thomas Edison announced his invention of the phonograph.
In 1938, Nazi forces occupied western Czechoslovakia and declared its people German citizens.
In 1974, The U.S. Congress passed the Freedom of Information Act over U.S. President Gerald Ford‘s veto.
In 1985, Jonathan Jay Pollard, a civilian U.S. Navy intelligence analyst and Jewish American, was arrested on charges of illegally passing classified U.S. security information about Arab nations to Israel.
In 1991, U.S. President George H.W. Bush signed the Civil Rights Act of 1991, making it easier for workers to sue in job discrimination cases.
In 2003, U.S. House of Representatives and Senate conferees finished the final version of an approximately $400 billion, 1,000-page bill that would create prescription drug coverage for 42 million Americans on Medicare.
In 2004, Iraqi authorities set Jan. 30, 2005, as the date for the nation’s first election since the collapse of Saddam Hussein‘s dictatorship.
In 2005, General Motors Corp., the world’s biggest carmaker, announced it was cutting its payroll by 30,000 employees and shutting nine major plants.
In 2006, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki announced a restoration of diplomatic ties with Syria, ending 24 years of strained relations.
In 2008, U.S. Sen. Hillary Clinton accepted President-elect Barack Obama‘s offer to be the secretary of state nominee.
In 2010, Ireland asked its European partners for a financial rescue package of about $90 billion to bolster its sagging economy.
In 2011, the United States and Britain imposed new sanctions on Iran because of its suspected pursuit of nuclear weapons.
In 2012, a cease-fire was announced after eight days of fighting that officials said killed about 130 Palestinians and six Israelis. Hundreds of people were injured. Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak said he held Hamas responsible to keep the truce.

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| Tiếng Anh cho em
Green Sper Rice Siêu Lúa Xanh,  Tiếng Anh Nông nghiệp
Cambodian farmers prepare seedlings at a paddy rice farm north of Phnom Penh
Cambodian farmers prepare seedlings at a paddy rice farm north of Phnom Penh
This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.Scientists have worked for twelve years to develop what they call Green Super Rice. They say several varieties should be available to farmers about two years from now in parts of Asia and Africa.The “green” in Green Super Rice means environmentally friendly. Researchers say it will produce at least as much grain as other rice plants but with fewer inputs. “Super” means the rice is designed to better resist droughts, floods, salty water, insects and disease. The developers of Green Super Rice did not use genetic engineering. Instead, they mated hundreds of varieties of rice. That way they avoided the costs as well as the problems connected with getting permission to plant genetically engineered crops.
The project involves the world’s largest rice collection, the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines. It also involves the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. And it includes farmers in eight countries in Asia and eight in Africa.
Modern rice plants produce two to three times more grain than was possible before the nineteen sixties. But they also require large amounts of water, chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
In the sixties, the International Rice Research Institute developed “miracle rice” for Asia. Scientists created high-yielding crops that produced bigger harvests in what became known as the Green Revolution. It prevented widespread hunger.
But critics say modern rice plants require too much water and too much use of chemicals that can hurt the environment. And farmers may be too poor to buy chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Anna McClung heads a rice-breeding center for the United States Agriculture Department. She says combining many different genes into one plant without genetic engineering requires a lot of plant breeding. Ms. McClung praises the researchers working on Green Super Rice.
ANNA McCLUNG: “The magnitude of what they are doing is really quite unique and tremendous.”
Another rice researcher, Jan Leach at Colorado State University, says scientists can find valuable qualities hidden in the rice genome. A genome contains all of the genetic information about an organism.
JAN LEACH: “Many of the traits are present, but they are not turned on until you get them into the right genetic background, or sometimes in the right environment.”
Researchers on the Green Super Rice project continue to combine desirable traits into new varieties to help farmers produce more with less.
And that’s the VOA Special English Agriculture Report. You can also watch captioned videos on YouTube at VOA Learning English. I’m Karen Leggett.
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